To climb the steep slope built by the Baron of Eschwege, which offers access to the castle-like building, you must travel through the eastern part of Pena Park, where the palace is located. The palace itself consists of two wings: the 19th century wing built by King Ferdinand II. and the former Manueline monastery of the Order of St. Jerome. A hypothetical castle with walkable walls, battlements, watchtowers, an entrance tunnel and even a drawbridge surrounds these wings as a third architectural structure. The former Hieronymite Monastery of Our Lady of Pena, built by King Manuel I in 1511 on a hilltop above Sintra, has been abandoned since 1834, when religious orders were suppressed in Portugal. King Ferdinand II bought the monastery in 1838. The monastery consisted of the ambit and its outbuildings, chapel, sacristy and bell tower; today it forms the northern wing of the Pena Palace, also known as the Old Palace. According to historical records from that time, King Ferdinand began repairs to the former monastery, which was in a terrible state. He reconstructed the entire upper floor, replaced the fourteen cells used by the monks with larger rooms and covered them. with vaulted ceilings that can still be seen today. Around 1843, the king decided to enlarge the palace by building a new wing (the New Palace) with even larger rooms (the Great Hall is a good example), topped by a circular tower next to the new kitchens. The construction work was directed by the Baron of Eschwege.
Admire the Pena Palace, one of Portugal’s most magnificent and famous tourist attractions. The palace is an example of 19th century romantic architecture and stands on a rocky peak that is the second highest point in the Sintra Mountains.
Repairs in 1994 restored the original colors of the palace's exterior: pink for the former monastery and ocher for the New Palace. By converting a former monastery into a palatial residence, King Ferdinand showed that he was strongly influenced by German Romanticism, and that he was probably inspired by Stolzenfels and Rheinstein castles on the banks of the Rhine, as well as Babelsberg Palace in Potsdam. This construction work at the Pena Palace ended in the mid-1860s, although further work was undertaken later on interior decoration. King Ferdinand also ordered the Pena Park to be planted around the palace in the style of the romantic gardens of the time, with winding paths, pavilions and stone benches placed at various points along its routes, as well as trees and other plants. coming from the four corners of the earth. In this way, the king took advantage of the mild and humid climate of the Sintra hills to create a completely new and exotic park with more than five hundred different types of trees. The Pena Palace was declared a national monument in 1910 and forms part of the cultural landscape of Sintra, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995.
Please redeem your tickets at the Iron Gate (Porta Férrea) at the time indicated on the ticket, which corresponds to the Palace entry time slot.
This activity is non-refundable
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